2011 年一级起点第四学期口语考试题目 一级起点第四学期口语考试题目 Topics for mini-talk (one minute) 1． Can you describe some possible advantages of having a poor memory? ． I think that the maximum advantages of having a poor memory is that you can forget the unhappy things easily With the passage of time. For example,if you are be crossed in love,you will forget this bad memory quickly,and start a new life .And then you will be happy everyday and don’t need to worry about anything ,because you can’t remember. For example, you can forget the unhappy things easily. easily turn your previous enemies into friends forget the unhappy expieriences easily. recover from hurt quickly A poor memory may have some advantages. With the passage of time, the sad memories will fade. Those with a short memory tend to recover faster than those with a tenacious memory. For the same reason, forgetful people may be more ready to forget their daily worries and forgives others for their offenses. With a less retentive mind, they may enjoy life more. 2． Do you think it is necessary for most of Chinese children to do a lot of difficult math ． problems for Olympic Math Competition? As a student ,I think it is not necessary for Chinese children to do a lot of difficult math problems for Olympic Math Competition. Because I think that we should do things which we can do at that age. we should have a complete and excellent childhood .different ages have different things to do .it is wrong for a child to do what a adult should do. 3． What study habits seem to be common among successful students? ． Many top students seem to have these good study habits: They tend to have a strong sense of time and organize their time well. They may draw up their study plan well in advance. While studying, they check whether they are working ahead of schedule or lagging behind it. They usually work in a systematic way. Before class, they preview the text to get some idea about what the teacher is going to say and which part of the text is difficult. In class, they listen attentively, take notes of the main points of the lecture, and ask questions when they don't understand. After class, they review what they have learned. By going through the text and the notes, they can remember important information. 4． Should we be punctual for class, work, or appointments? Why? ． Of course, we Should be punctual ！firstly attending the meeting or having class on time is the respect of others, secondly, if we're not punctual ,we will lose a lot of important information at the beginning of class or meeting, it is not benefit for us 5． If you wanted to start a business, which factors would you consider first? Why? ． If I wanted to launch a business, I would consider all of these factors, for they all play an indispensable role. First of all, I would consider my ability. Since I majored in e-commerce, I would be cautious in starting a company to sell something I am not familiar with such as building materials or DVDs. With my educational background, I may find it easier to run a company relating to computer or network. The next thing I would have o take into account, is the money available. Suppose the establishment of a company required a capital of a million dollars, I would try to see whether I could get a loan. If not, I would give up the idea and try to set up a smaller service company that required less capital. Last but not least, I would survey the market to see if the products I planned to deal with
could be sold. If they were unmarketable, l had better give up the idea of founding a company in this area. If they sold well, then I would go ahead 6． Name at least 5 recreational activities, and give specific comments on one of them ． Killers’ Night（杀人游戏）Sanguo kill（三国杀）skip（跳绳）Hide and Seek（躲迷藏） Throw handkerchief（丢手绢） Hide and Seek：First, we selected one by some rules and covered his eyes and make him count, long or short is ok, while others must find a place to hide away in this period of time. And then It's time to find others. the one who was found firstly will be the one seeked in the next round. Games can be repeated 7． Can you think of some practical measures to protect forests? ． I think the most important thing to do is to create a law to forbid the cutting of trees in certain areas. Even when timber(木料) is needed for construction（建设）, logging（伐木工作） should be well planned. In addition to the law, we also need law enforcement personnel who will fine those who fell trees illegally. It is not enough to protect the existing forests. We must also plant trees to make new forests. We should also grow various types of trees to ensure bio-diversity. To make the a forestation program successful, the government should award those units and individuals that have made outstanding contributions. 8． What is the relationship between one’s attitude to life and one’s fate? ． 【 I want to say is that the attitude is everything . Only one has a positive attitude can he be 【 dynamic on his life and job . Image a student having no interests in everything , what can he do , he doesn’t want to do anything ,and then his life or even more his fate will become fade. A good attitude can make up one’s deficiency (缺点) and a bad attitude can make advantages into disadvantages. Your attitude really determines your future, it is the key to success, It can directly affect your work and life quality . So we should keep positive to what we meet and to do our best to solve it . Because the attitude is really everything. 9． What are the problems jobless workers may have? How can they overcome their ． difficulties? 【 I think the unemployment reasons include the political issues, economic issues , and personal 【 element. With the population of the unemployment increasing, the competition of one job is becoming more and more serious. So that some people are accepted will inevitably [in'evit?bli be accompanied by more people lose their jobs. Meanwhile, with the development of science and technology, the same work needs fewer and fewer people, this is also the reason in unemployment multiply['m?ltiplai]. Solution: first of all, I think they can try to engage in some other works, try those works whose technical requirement is not very high , or they can increase their knowledge accumulation, to learn something about their new not-bad works, so that they may also be obtained again . 10． What kinds of employees are likely to be fired? ． 【 I think the most possible person is those with low sense of responsibility, who always can't 【 finish the tasks of the job, they may make the company suffered unnecessary losses sometime. And then is the person whose qualities are not very good, such as those lazy ones, those who love gossip . Maybe they've always made others be antipathetic [[,?ntip?'θetik] towards themselves before they realized that. No one is willing to cooperate with these men, so finally they are likely to be fired. There are some others who always make mistakes or someone that’s really unable, both of them are very likely to be fired eventually .
11． What are the reasons for the growing popularity of SOHO? ． 【 I think the most important reason that lots of people is choosing SOHO is that they can 【 manage their own interests and hobbies to be free in choicing works, they needn’t to worry about the restriction from time, place and space. Secondly , the reason is to keep up with the fashion . SOHO has become a fashionable representation. It symbolizes a free, relaxed and comfortable life, one that can make people be free in developing their abilities and doing what they want to do . 12． Name at least 5 natural disasters and try to describe the damage caused by the natural ． disasters? 【 The natural disasters include floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, mudslides, drought, 【 tornadoes, red tide,and so on. Destruction: the damage from natural disasters mainly have the personal safety and economic, among which the most important is the personal safety, no matter what the disaster is, it often accompany with human’s injury or even losing their lives, like the wenchuan earthquake in 2008 . Of course, natural disasters will inevitably accompany by the economic losses, either directly or indirectly . So that is my shallow understanding towards the natural disasters . 13． Why do people want to improve their appearance? In what ways can people? ． 【 Because appearance will directly affect one's work, marriage, even his success. According 【 to a survey, three-quarters of person affirm the importance of appearance, and the facts just also shows the importance of one’s appearance. How? Firstly we need to admit that the appearance is inherent;, we can't change . A good-looking man might succeed, but a ugly man doesn’t always fail. So, instead of not being confident with yourself, we may as well improve ourselves from the other side, for instance we can really grasp a useful technology to prepare ourselves for a better job and future, through this the method can we also finish that so-called improvement. 14． What measures should we take to prevent drunken driving? ． 【 1, carry out in-depth safety propaganda [,pr?p?'??nd?] education activities, raise the driver's 【 traffic safety consciousness ['k?n??snis]. 2, intensify(加强) the check method towards drunk drivers and to be mandatory ['m?nd?t?ri] in preventing the accidents 3, we should make the family members and friends、 relatives to remind the drivers, let them know clearly their responsibilities and importance.
“There’s no such thing as a free lunch.” What is your opinion of the proverb?
We often say: " There’s no such thing as a free lunch." It means tell us, everything should have given, no pay no benefit, no pay will want to pick up cheap, and that is
impossible. In fact, All success all need our own efforts. We can't pray god to give us that we want. God just give us the chance. We must seize the opportunity by myself. It's the truth.
What would you say if your friend wants to borrow money from you? In our daily life ,we aways face some terrible troubles. Expecially , the economic problem.so others. if someone wants to borrow money from me, I will give two different answers depend on different satution. On the one hand ,when my friend exactly need money and I have spare cash at hand ,I think I will lend money to him .On the other hand ,if I am getting in the economic crisis, and running short of money
too. I will feel sorry but I can only say that the spirit is willing but the body weak (that 后面这句是爱莫能助的意思).In conclusion , I want to say : if we can ,we should help others .That not only help our friend but also make us feel happy . 17． What are the negative social effects of advertisements made by movie stars? 17． There are so many disadvantages to advertising. First, the posters and billboards can block scenic views and ruin the environment. Second, people who cannot afford the advertised product may develop a sense of inferiority. Third, as often as not, ads encourage unnecessary buying. Fourth, ads usually portray young and beautiful people. 18． Do you think a good interior decoration of classrooms will help students to 18． focus their attention? Why? For this thing, everyone has everyone's views. Maybe someone say well, and someone say it’s bed. I think a good interior decoration of classrooms will help students to focus their attention. A good interior decoration of classrooms let a person spirits. This makes the students interested in listening to the teacher carefully, not absent-minded. For teacher, they will have good mood. Their class will be better. 19． What extracurricular activities can help a student land a job after 19． graduation? For work ability, I think there are several important factors. Those are healthy, knowledge and Communicative ability. For this, we can participate in some sports’ activities, I think sports meet is very well to exercise. We can join some activities, such as debate, or to buy some things that a meeting needs. These are good to improve our own ability and quality. 20． Suggest at least three ways to cheer up a classmate in low spirits. 20． Relax. Don’t take yourself too seriously. Happiness is largely a choice. Feel gratitude for all of the good in your life. You must learn to how to play, enjoy yourself. Listen to music, play music, let your mind to be quiet.Find a hobby you love. Engage in pleasurable activities, like me, I like watching movie and sleeping, it will make me forget all trouble.
Topics for Debate (3-4 minutes) 1. What do you think people will choose: a low-paid job one likes, or a boring well-paid job? Candidate 1: I think that many people prefer to find a job that they really like. Candidate 2: I think that some people may choose a well-paid job instead of a job close to their heart. It really depends. Most people, I would say, will choose a good payment, since work is widely considered only to be a way to make a living. To them, what really matters, is the life one has outside work life. With a higher payment, one will have a much not-boring personal life that he or she is dying to get back to afterwork. However, those people who are doing what they love, are proved more determined and most likely to achieve success. Imagine Lu Xun had continued being a doctor instead of writer, he might have a easier life but it would be such a big loss in Chinese modern literature. Nevertheless, no matter you choose a low-paid job you like, or a well-paid job you are not that excited about, remember to love what you do, and do what you love. Because only in this way, you will enjoy your life. 2. Should different cultures integrate or keep their own characteristics? Candidate 1: I think that different cultures should integrate during the trend toward globalization. Candidate 2: I think that diversified cultures make our world more interesting and colorful. Each area has its own unique geographical cultural, inter-cultural exchanges is conducive to promoting mutual development. But I think the culture should be preserved their most primitive things, after all, they represent a country, region and nation's history, most things simply should not give up. A well-integrated nation is more capable of maintaining unity and stability. People in some countries dislike foreigners or ethnic minorities to behave differently from the norm. They prefer foreigners to assimilate into their culture. The saying “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” illustrates this point. The trend toward globalization promotes international exchanges and integration of different cultures. On the other hand, diversified cultures make our world more interesting and colorful. If all nations integrated into one, the world would be monotonous. Therefore, all ethnic groups should be allowed to keep their unique customs. The Chinese government has adopted favorable policies to allow the ethnic minorities to keep their unique customs. All nations should be treated equally. Large nations should not pose their cultures on small nations. The world is composed of different countries and cultures. To achieve better development and cooperation, perhaps we should advocate multiculturalism while encouraging free exchanges between cultures. 3. What kind of boss would you like to work for: one who is inefficient but kind, or one who is efficient but very strict with employees? Candidate 1: I think that many people, if not most, prefer to work for a kind, good-natured boss. Candidate 2: I think that some people, including me, will choose to work for a boss who is capable but very strict with his subordinates. Many people, if not most, prefer to work for a kind, good-natured boss. Under such a boss, they feel secure and happy. The boss won’t scold employees simply because they have made a small mistake. He will also be generous. It is true that sometimes because of his lack of ability, his company may not reap huge profits, and employees can hardly get a raise. But happiness is surely more important than money. However, some people, including me, will choose to work for a boss who is capable but very strict with his subordinates. If the boss is capable, he will lead the company to one new height after another. When the company thrives, all employees will benefit. Even if the boss may give an employee a severe dressing-down for something he or she did, the employee can learn a lesson from
the event. Under such a boss, employees can gain valuable experience, which may serve as a good foundation for them to start a business of their own in the future. 4. Which do you prefer, Chinese movies or foreign movies? Why? Candidate 1: Occasionally I do enjoy seeing a foreign movie. Candidate 2: I feel more at home with Chinese movies. Occasionally I do enjoy seeing a foreign movie. It can take my mind off to a distant land .The outlandish setting often excites ,and the different values tend to give me much food for thought .However , my lack of background information often requires ma to make too many inferences and sometimes I cannot understand certain parts of the movie, In such cases I may feel less entertained. By comparison ,I feel more at home with Chinese movies. I can enjoy associate the scene and lines with the historical background. I can readily understand witty conversation, and implied meanings. Sometimes I can even predict what is going to happen from the speaker’s tone or gesture. Still, it is true that Chinese movies cannot get compete with western movies in filming technology .I do hope the next generation of Chinese movies will make further improvement. my answer is Chinese Movies.reasons below: As we know ,every excellent movie has its special background , if u have known it very well ,then it is helpful for us to grasp the real sentiment the movie intend to express.otherwise,u might cannot seeing into it at all.i mean the comprehension of the culture that the movie involved in is very important .So i am chinese , i know Chinese culture very well ,So when i watch a Chinese Movie, i feel good ,at least i prefer Chinese movie at present, maybe oneday when i learns foreign culture very well , i gonna prefer foreign movies 2.i believe every culture has its attraction and glorious. It is my presonal opinion . 5. Do you think a girl should share the expenses or let the boy pay the bill? Candidate 1: I think it is natural that some girls no longer want men to pick up the check. Candidate 2: I think that the normal pattern is that the boy pays the bill. In the past, the normal pattern was that men worked, while women did not. Thus, it was natural for men to pay. Things have changed now. A certain level of equality between men and women has achieved, so it is natural that some girls no longer want men to pick up the check. Instead, they prefer to share or “Go Dutch.” to show that they are equal to males.（在过去，通常是男人工作， 女人没有工作。因此，男人买单自然而然。而现今世事不同于从前，男女在一定程度上达到 了*等，女人不让男人掏腰包也是很自然得事情。相反，他们选择 AA, 以示*等。 ） 6. What do you think is the most important factor that leads you to buy something: price, quality, brand name or style? Candidate 1: As a student, I am not rich. When I go shopping, I may choose price and style over quality and brand name. Candidate 2: When I do shopping, I consider quality and brand name first.
7. Nowadays, drunken drivers are bound to be punished by being sent into jails. What do you think about it? Candidate 1: I think this practice can definitely prohibit drunken driving. Candidate 2: I think this punishment is not strong enough to stop drunken driving.
8. Is there a relationship between reason and emotion? Which plays a bigger role in our lives? Candidate 1: I think that reason plays a bigger role. Candidate 2: I think that emotion plays a bigger role. Both reason and emotion are important in our lives. Although they are obviously different from each other, they complement each other just the same. Think about it, it is difficult to isolate reason from emotion and vice versa. When one is arguing, one is combining logic with feelings. When a speaker is advocating a principle, the feeling he puts into his voice reinforces his argument. When scientists conduct researches, they may choose an area that is interesting to them. Darwin studied science because he had been fascinated by plants and animals since his childhood. However, in some areas either reason or emotion may play a bigger role. Science students may need more logic than emotion to conduct experiments, while art students tend to rely more on their emotion for creativity. Within a family, people usually cherish the emotional ties between family members. Emotion could be more important than reason when falling in love or trusting a member of one's family, whereas reason plays an important role when deciding how to educate a child. Together or separate, reason and emotion play critically important roles in our lives. What do you think? Or feel? 9. When a boss employs or promotes people, what may be the chief consideration: their education or their practical ability? Candidate 1: I think that one’s educational background is not unimportant. Candidate 2: I think that most bosses may probably attach more importance to the candidate’s ability. In fact, most bosses will consider both, though they may probably attach more importance to the candidate’s ability. After all, a company’s profits come directly from abilities of the entire staff. Many of the qualities of a good worker such as diligence, teamwork, loyalty to the company, and courtesy to customers are gained through on-the-job training rather than from book knowledge. However, one’s educational background is not unimportant. If one can enroll in a distinguished university and attain a high GPA, it is likely that one already possesses good qualities like industriousness, intelligence, organizational ability, and a strong will---qualities that are equally useful in the workplace. But it’s also possible that some students from academic ivory tower are merely bookworms without much capacity for practical work. A boss is unlikely to promote such an employee. 10. Stores are closed in the evenings and on weekends in many Western countries, while they are normally open in China. Which system do you prefer? Why? Candidate 1: I think that the weekend is meant for people to have a rest and the employees at stores, post offices and so on all deserve a rest. Candidate 2: I think if all stores are closed, it can be inconvenient for many people, especially those in double-income households. In my opinion, each system has its advantages and disadvantages. The weekend is meant for people to have a rest, and the employees at stores, post offices, government departments, schools and so on all deserve a rest. The two-day weekend was won after centuries of demands for workers’ rights. If one store breaks the rules and stays open on the weekend, it will do unusually good business, but this is unfair competition. If people can enjoy proper rest over the weekends, they can work more vigorously during the weekdays. However, if all stores are closed, this can be inconvenient for many people, especially those in double-income households. If a small proportion of the population, that is those in the service industry, work on weekends, most people will enjoy their weekends even more. On the whole, I am in favor of the current Chinese system.